Geochemistry of Acid Mine Waters
There are about a dozen major hydrogeochemical processes that can account for the chemical composition of most natural waters. One of these is the oxidation of pyrite, a process at least as important a source of sulfate in natural waters as seawater and sea spray, gypsum dissolution, and atmospheric emissions. The natural process of pyrite oxidation is fundamental to the super-gene alteration of ore deposits, the formation of acid-sulfate soils, and the development of acidity and metal mobilization in natural waters.
Nordstrom, D.K. and C.N. Alpers (1999) Geochemistry of acid mine waters. In The Environmental Geochemistry of Mineral Deposits, Reviews in Economic Geology Vol. 6A (G.S Plumlee and M.J. Logsdon, Eds.), Soc. Econ. Geol., Littleton, Colorado, p. 133-160.
Email Address Created for Land Exchange Questions
The Southwestern Region Office of Lands and Minerals Management is overseeing and administering the land exchange and appraisal process which includes the 2,422-acre Oak Flat Federal Parcel. All questions about the land exchange and appraisal process should be emailed to SM.FS.email@example.com
Programmatic Agreement Info
To comply with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, the Tonto National Forest developed a Programmatic Agreement (PA) and included it in Volume 5, Appendix O of the final EIS. The PA was created in cooperation with the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the State Historic Preservation Office, tribes and other consulting parties. The PA contains an agreed upon process for identifying, evaluating and addressing adverse effects to historic properties associated with this undertaking.
To review Volume 5 and the PA, Download Vol 5 PDF, 27 MB.