Effects of Artificial Night Lighting on Terrestrial Mammals
This chapter begins with a review of the biology of mammalian vision, including the extensive literature on how moonlight affects nocturnal behavior of mammals and how light influences mammalian biological clocks. It then discusses several classes of likely effects of artificial night lighting on mammals, namely disruption of foraging patterns, increased predation risk, disruption of biological clocks, increased mortality on roads, and disruption of dispersal movements through artificially lighted landscapes. It includes recommendations for experiments or observations that could advance our understanding of the most likely and significant effects.
Beier, P. 2006. Effects of artificial night lighting on terrestrial mammals. In Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting, edited by C. Rich and T. Longcore, pp. 19–42. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
Email Address Created for Land Exchange Questions
The Southwestern Region Office of Lands and Minerals Management is overseeing and administering the land exchange and appraisal process which includes the 2,422-acre Oak Flat Federal Parcel. All questions about the land exchange and appraisal process should be emailed to SM.FS.firstname.lastname@example.org
Programmatic Agreement Info
To comply with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, the Tonto National Forest developed a Programmatic Agreement (PA) and included it in Volume 5, Appendix O of the final EIS. The PA was created in cooperation with the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the State Historic Preservation Office, tribes and other consulting parties. The PA contains an agreed upon process for identifying, evaluating and addressing adverse effects to historic properties associated with this undertaking.
To review Volume 5 and the PA, Download Vol 5 PDF, 27 MB.