Estimation of Rock Mass Deformation Modulus and Strength of Jointed Hard Rock Masses Using the GSI System
Rock mass characterization is required for many applications in rock engineering practice including excavation design, support design, stope design, amongst others. For these purposes, it is necessary to obtain design input parameters such as deformation moduli and strength parameters for numerical modeling. Although such parameters can ultimately be determined from in situ tests, at the preliminary design stage, where access to underground is limited, the practical way to obtain these parameters is to apply a rock mass classification system to characterize the rock mass and estimate the rock mass properties.
Cai, M, Kaiser, P.K., Uno, H., Tasaka, Y., Minami, M. 2004. Estimation of rock mass deformation modulus and strength of jointed hard rock masses using the GSI system. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. Accepted February 19, 2003