The Social Divisions and Economic Life of the Western Apache
By way of introduction it would be best to explain what peoples are included by the term Western Apache. The term is here used to designate all those Apache peoples who have lived within the present boundaries of the state of Arizona during historic times, with the exception of the Chiricahua, Warm Springs, and allied Apache, and a small band of Apaches known as the Apaches Mansos, who lived in the vicinity of Tucson
Goodwin, G. 1935. The social divisions and economic life of the Western Apache. American Anthropologist 37.