Measuring America: How Census Measures Poverty
The Census Bureau releases two reports every year that describe who is poor in the United States. The first report calculates the nation’s official poverty measure based on cash resources. The second is known as the supplemental poverty measure (SPM) and takes account of cash resources and noncash benefits from government programs aimed at low income families.
US Census Bureau. 2012. Measuring America: How Census Measures Poverty. Online data retrieved at How the Census Bureau Measures Poverty. Accessed March 18, 2015.