Ecological Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Wild Plants
Understanding the impacts of artificial night-time light on wild plants and natural vegetation requires linking the knowledge gained from over a century of experimental research on the impacts of light on plants in the laboratory and glasshouse with knowledge of the intensity, spatial distribution, spectral composition and timing of light in the night-time environment. To understand fully the extent of these impacts requires conceptual models that can (i) characterize the highly heterogeneous nature of the night-time light environment at a scale relevant to plant physiology; and (ii) scale physiological responses to predict impacts at the level of the whole plant, population, community and ecosystem.
Bennie, J., T.W. Davies, D. Cruse, and K.J. Gaston. 2016. Ecological effects of artificial light at night on wild plants. Journal of Ecology 104:611-620.