Conserving Energy at a Cost to Biodiversity? Impacts of LED Lighting on Bats
Artificial lighting is a key biodiversity threat and produces 1900 million tonnes of CO2 emissions globally, more than three times that produced by aviation. The need to meet climate change targets has led to a global increase in energy efficient light sources such as high-brightness light-emitting diodes (LEDs).
Stone, E.L., G. Jones, and S. Harris. 2012. Conserving energy at a cost to biodiversity? Impacts of LED lighting on bats. Global Change Biology 18:2458-2465.